It appears that the pea is the world’s oldest vegetable known at this time.
It has been reported that they were first cultivated by the Chinese over 5,000 years ago.
It has also been reported that the pea first showed up more than 8,000 years ago in Stone Age settlements.
According to the “Britannica” the pea is definitely one of the oldest cultivated crops, and “is native to the Mediterranean region, and ancient remains dating to the late Neolithic Period have been found in the Middle East”.
Another source states that wild whole peas were grown all the way back to approximately 9750 BC in SE Asia.
Peas are a good source of nutrients such as vitamin K, B1, C, folate, copper and dietary fiber. The benefits may also include anti-aging, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties.
They may even provide some protection against certainn cancers due to the high amounts of a polyphenol that is called coumestrol. So, it may also be good for your immune system while providing the body high energy.
They are important to the your diet due to the dietary fiber, protein and other nutrients it provides.
As you can see, it is generally stated that the pea is the worlds oldest vegetable, even if the sources can not definitively pinpoint its known beginning.